As you may gather from the name, the Cushion cut resembles a pillow. It is a square or rectangular diamond that has rounded corners. It is sometimes referred to as the Candlelight diamond or the Pillow cut. It boasts a classic vintage appearance, and the round corners allow for light to be captured and reflected in a variation of colours. Not only does it look beautiful, but it is a practical choice for engagement rings too, as the round edges ensure the ring does not catch to the wearer’s hair or clothes.
The Cushion cut is widely cherished for its captivating charm. It is often described as a mix between the modern Oval shape and the old Mine cut. It is a cut that has developed extensively over the years, with different versions being created, such as the Cushion Modified Brilliant cut.
The Cushion cut is exactly what you would imagine it to be from the name; it is a rectangular or square shape diamond that has rounded corners, resembling a cushion. White light is separated more prominently with this cut thanks to the large facets, of which there are usually 58. The length to width ratio of this diamond tends to be between 1.00 and 1.05 for the square version and greater than 1.10 for a rectangular cut.
As mentioned in the introduction, there are variations of the Cushion diamond available. The Cushion Modified Brilliant cut differs from the traditional version because it often has more facets, which changes its appearance, creating what is known as a ‘crushed ice’ effect.
The Cushion cut has enjoyed a colourful history, with many takes and transformations occurring over the years. However, it first came onto the scene in the 19th century. As the years have gone on, the diamond has become more brilliant, as light dispersion has been maximised due to the invention of cleaving.